Early Suffrage in Illinois: A.J. Grover and the Earlville Suffrage Association

In 1818 the Illinois State Constitution extended citizenship to all white men over the age of twenty-one years [1].  Thirty years later, the second Illinois State Constitution still denied suffrage to women [2]. It was not until the third Illinois State Constitution in 1870 that suffrage was extended to African American men [3]. And it … Continue reading Early Suffrage in Illinois: A.J. Grover and the Earlville Suffrage Association

Watch This Space!

There are already many events, programs and exhibits planned throughout Illinois for 2020. A consortium of Chicago-area organizations is coordinating communications regarding all that will be going on. The plan is to unveil a new platform for highlighting suffrage-related activities by March 2020 - Women's History Month. In addition, new research and bios of suffragists … Continue reading Watch This Space!

Introducing Rethinking Suffrage 2020

How do you teach the history of female suffrage so that it resonates with students? This is the question I wrestled with over the winter and spring of 2019 while developing the online suffrage curriculum for the Suffrage 2020 Illinois website. After many years of teaching women’s history at Lake Forest College, I knew firsthand … Continue reading Introducing Rethinking Suffrage 2020

Abundant Caution: the Vote on June 17, 1919

On June 17, 1919 the Illinois legislature voted for a second time to ratify the 19th Amendment. They did this to ensure that the original vote on June 10th would not be questioned due to a procedural error. On June 10th the language that the legislature voted on included one incorrect word. Suffragists in the … Continue reading Abundant Caution: the Vote on June 17, 1919

The Ratification of the 19th Amendment – June 10, 1919

The gallery was filled with delegations of women ready to unfurl the suffrage banners. The Illinois House had just voted unanimously to ratify the 19th Amendment but later a roll call vote yielded three dissenting votes. The Amendment passed in the House 132-3. The resolution was sent to the Senate where the vote was unanimous … Continue reading The Ratification of the 19th Amendment – June 10, 1919

Resolution to Honor the 100th Anniversary of Illinois Being the First State to Ratify the 19th Amendment

This resolution is being used throughout the state by the League of Women Voters of Illinois to encourage local municipalities to honor the anniversary of Illinois being the first state to ratify the 19th amendment. Whereas, Illinois had long been at the forefront of the movement to provide women the right to vote; Whereas, in … Continue reading Resolution to Honor the 100th Anniversary of Illinois Being the First State to Ratify the 19th Amendment